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Prop. 22 would create new kind of independent contractor

Proposition 22, a hotly contested ballot measure, would create a new profession under California law consisting of app-based rideshare and delivery drivers with its own set of labor rules. Much of the campaign rhetoric has focused on competing claims about what most drivers want. Supporters and opponents also have argued over the value of protections the measure would provide to customers of these services.

This column focuses on the new independent contractor framework the measure would create and on the compensation and benefits app-based drivers would receive.

Current law

Under AB 2257, the successor to AB 5, a worker is presumed to be an employee unless the hiring entity can show the worker is: (A) relatively free of the hiring entity’s control; (B) performing work outside the usual course of the hiring entity’s business, and (C) customarily and regularly doing work, in an established trade, occupation, or business, of the same kind being performed for the hiring entity.

AB 2257 excludes from the ABC test certain professional and business relationships, generally subjecting those relationships to the more flexible Borello test which preceded the California Supreme Court’s 2018 Dynamex ruling and enactment of AB 5 the following year. The Borello test focuses mainly on the degree of control the hiring entity has over how the work is performed. It also uses such additional factors as whether the worker uses his own tools in the work to determine whether the worker is a bona fide independent contractor.

What Prop. 22 would do

Prop. 22 would not insert app-based drivers as an additional exception to the ABC test in AB 2257. Instead, “[n]otwithstanding any other provision of law,” the proposal would classify any such driver as an independent contractor “with respect to his or her relationship with a network company” if the network

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How to create design contrast with two-tone kitchen cabinets



a kitchen with wooden cabinets and a mirror: How to create design contrast with two-tone kitchen cabinets


© Getty Images / Chiociolla
How to create design contrast with two-tone kitchen cabinets


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Whether decorated with contemporary, clean-lined tables, antique Shaker-style cabinets, or the ever-sought-after subway tile backsplash, the all-white kitchen has been so popular for so long, it’s hard to imagine it ever going out of style.

However, this doesn’t mean other kitchen design trends have been waiting patiently in the wings. It’s 2020, and the moment for two-tone kitchen cabinets has arrived.

Not only has color—from black to blue, gray, and green—come back into the kitchen in a big way, but so have wood finishes.

If you’re entertaining a kitchen renovation, consider mixing and matching color and wood finishes in your cabinetry and other elements to give your kitchen the warmth and character it may be missing.

Allison Moran, design principal at Live Well Interiors in Salem, Mass., sums up her cabinet-finish advice in one word, “Contrast.”



a kitchen with a dining room table: Mixing up black and white cabinetry and countertops makes for dynamic contrast.


© Getty Images / contrastaddict
Mixing up black and white cabinetry and countertops makes for dynamic contrast.

“When pairing any finishes, there needs to be a play of light and dark,” she notes.

Without that contrast in your kitchen cabinet colors, you can struggle with a décor vision that may blend together, and not in a good way. Moran explains, “If you paint your perimeter cabinets one color, and, say, your island another color, and there is not a distinctive difference, the eye almost bounces back and forth between the two trying to figure out if they are supposed to match.”

A successful execution of kitchen cabinet design, says Moran, “provides two distinct colors or finishes [that] allow your eye a chance for two different moments of rest and reflection.”

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Museum renovation aims to create treasure trove

HARLINGEN — For decades, the two old buildings formed the Harlingen Historical Museum, standing along the courtyard of the Harlingen Arts and Heritage Museum.

Five years ago, city leaders envisioned reviving its exhibits to tell the story of a town that rose from the White Horse Desert.

Now, the money’s rolling out to help preserve parts of the city’s legacy.

The Rio Grande Valley Museum Association has raised $119,900 to complete the five-year renovation of two buildings that once housed the Harlingen Air Base’s police squadron and brig.

The project includes upgrading exhibits to tell the story of the city’s evolution from a rough-and-tumble railroad stop to an agricultural center, Joel Humphries, the city’s arts and entertainment director, said yesterday.

As part of the project, the city will recognize the residents whose donations will help turn a vision into a historical treasure trove.

“The idea is to completely revamp all the exhibits to make them more pertinent to people today — for young people to relate,” Humphries said. “Our goal is to tell our story of Harlingen and the surrounding area — to tell it in a more compelling way.”

Exhibits will showcase the city’s development from a railroad stop known as Six Shooter Junction to its role as home of the Harlingen Air Base, which closed in 1962.

“This will focus on the history of the area,” Humphries said. “As you’re guided through, you’ll see the area before it was developed, through the history of commercial agriculture to the influence of the military.”

Donors’ mural

The $300,000 project includes the creation of a mural that will honor the donors committed to preserving the city’s rich history.

The 8-foot by 20-foot mural will stand in front of the buildings featuring donors’ names engraved on acrylic plaques in the form of

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How To Create a Kitchen With a Soul, According to Home Design Experts


Of all the rooms in the house, the kitchen may evoke the warmest emotions. After all, it’s here that people gather with family and friends, to share food and good company. It’s no wonder the kitchen is often called the heart of the home—and that it’s a key selling point, promising a great lifestyle.

But kitchens also run the risk of being cold and soulless. What’s the point in having top-notch appliances if no one actually wants to hang out and use them? Like food, a kitchen needs to have a certain depth—let’s call it soul.


“A kitchen with a soul is a unique space that provides comfort, warmth, and a sense of peace,” says Ron Woodson of Woodson & Rummerfield’s House of Design in Los Angeles. “These are spaces that honor one’s personal style or the original time period in which a home was built.”



A few personal touches that both move you and reflect how you live are key to achieving this effect. These design elements can really allow the kitchen’s soul to shine, and to make its effects felt throughout your home. To bring out the soul of your kitchen, try the following tips.

Use materials to tell a story


Photo by Davenport Designs

Every kitchen has a story to tell. Woodson recommends mixing different textures and patterns that complement the existing color scheme.

“We associate natural stone, wood, and other materials found in nature with soul—they add warmth and bring life to a space,” Woodson says. “Luckily, you can still get the same look of natural stone with ultradurable alternatives. For countertops and flooring, I love Dekton Laurent

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Attic Remodel – Create New Space From Old

An attic remodel is a great way to create a room without the expense of a roof, exterior walls or a foundation. Popular attic uses are a bedroom, office, children’s area, playroom and living space.

Before you start, however, you need to work out if your attic is suitable for converting and create a plan. Make sure the flooring or joists are strong enough for you to stand on for your inspection.

Ceiling – can you stand up, or do you bump into the ceiling? Building codes require ceilings to be a particular height (typically 7 feet 6 inches over at least half of the available floor space). You need to be able to stand up straight without crouching in the room. There are ways to deal with a low ceiling. If the ceiling height is too low and there are trusses, you may only be able to use the attic for storage, rather than a room.

Floor – the attic floor is the ceiling of the room underneath. Ceiling joists need to be strong enough for you to move around the attic and to hold furniture.

Access – how will you get in and out? If you plan to use the attic as regular living space, you will want a strong, fixed stairway. Folding or drop-down stairs may be okay, but you need to consider how often the room will be accessed.

Lighting – do you want some natural light, or will it all be artificial. Without natural light, the room can be dark and dingy. Skylights  and wiring may be necessary to provide lighting.

Ventilation and temperature – attics are often uninsulated and unheated – they are usually hot in summer and cold in winter. You will need adequate ventilation through the room.…

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